Colds increase the risk of heart attack. Take these precautions
According to a report published by the World Health Organization in 2018, 251,000 people in Pakistan die every year due to heart disease, ie more than 20% of deaths in Pakistan are due to heart attack and other heart diseases. These deaths occur mostly in the winter season.
According to health experts, when the temperature drops and becomes cold in winter, the brain signals the body to stay warm. Low temperatures stimulate the nervous system, which in turn increases the levels of catecholamines. It narrows the blood vessels, and raises the heart rate, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Blood clots also occur when blood vessels become narrow and all of these things increase the risk of a heart attack.
Winter weather is very pleasant but it also brings with it many diseases. Winter in particular is considered dangerous for heart patients. According to research, the chances of heart attack, heart failure, and arrhythmia increase in this season. During this season our body and heart have to work harder to keep the body temperature right. This puts more pressure on our hearts and increases the risk of heart failure or heart attack in people with weak hearts.
Other causes include air pollution, lack of physical activity, stress, poor eating habits, and viral infections this season, which increase the risk of heart attack and failure. People who have a weak heart or who already have a disease are most at risk this season because they may have difficulty breathing at this time. In addition, diseases like flu and pneumonia are more likely to occur in this season and these diseases are also carried by the weak heart.
Precautions to take care of the heart in the cold
This is how to take care of your heart in winter. According to health experts, do not leave your house in winter without wearing warm clothes, gloves, and hats to keep your body warm in cold air. Smoking and alcohol should be avoided, yoga or meditation should be done, physical activity should be increased and exercise should be made a part of your routine, good and full sleep keeps the heart-healthy.
Eating a balanced diet becomes even more important in winter so eating a balanced amount of the three basic elements of protein, carbohydrates, and fats in your diet helps to improve heart function and prevent it from being damaged. Protein foods include eggs, poultry, red beans, white beans, lentils, and pulses as well as good carbohydrates including fresh fruits and vegetables and unrefined grains and dried fruits especially walnuts, cashews, and almonds. For good fats, you should use olive oil and if you are eating fats in balance then desi ghee and butter can also be good fats for you.
It is also important for you to know the balance of the three basic elements of the diet. According to dieticians, overweight men should consume 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day, and so on. It is good to have 45 to 65% carbohydrate in the diet and a balanced fat intake of 44 to 77 grams. If you want to know the exact amount of these elements for yourself, consult your nutritionist or doctor so that he can prepare a diet chart for you according to your weight, age, and physical movement.
Note: Heartache, chest tightness, difficulty breathing, pain traveling in the left arm, excessive shortness of breath, etc. are some of the symptoms that should not be ignored and should be addressed immediately. ۔